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To protect people and property. Floodplain management is about reducing vulnerability to flood risk to our built environment. If we know low lying land will flood from time-to-time, we should make reasonable decisions to help protect our families, homes, and businesses.
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Floodplain management is the operation of a community program of corrective and preventative measures for reducing flood damage. These measures take a variety of forms and generally include zoning, subdivision, or building requirements, and special-purpose floodplain ordinances (FEMA).
The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) was created by Congress in 1968 to protect lives and property and to reduce the financial burden of providing disaster assistance. The NFIP is administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Nationwide, over 20,500 communities participate in the NFIP - almost 460 of Florida counties, cities and towns participate. The NFIP is based on a mutual agreement between the Federal Government and communities. Communities that participate agree to regulate floodplain development according to certain criteria and standards. That partnership involves flood hazard maps, flood insurance, and regulations. Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRM) are used to identify flood risk, to regulate flood hazard areas and to determine where flood insurance is required. You can use your computer to visit the FEMA Flood Map Service Center. You can view current and historical flood maps online or download digital scans of maps.
If your land is shown on the map as “in” the Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA), but your building site is higher than the Base Flood Elevation (BFE) you might want to get a Florida licensed professional surveyor to complete a FEMA Elevation Certificate, which helps reduce the cost of your flood insurance.
Move fuse boxes, water heaters, furnaces and ductwork out of areas that have a history of flooding. Never store valuables, hazards or important materials in a flood-prone area.
Federal disaster grants do not cover most losses and repayment of a disaster loan can cost many times more than the cost of a flood insurance policy.